Britain chapter 1: country and people
What is the difference between the UK and Great Britain?
Northern Ireland is the difference. Northern Ireland is only part of the UK. The UK's official name is
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland
St. Andrew’s Cross
St. Patrick’s Cross
Smith or Scot
O bien/O conner
In 1800 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland became reality.
Great Britain is not a country, it is a landmass. It is called Great Britain because it is the biggest Isle of
the British Isles.
Not an independent country lost independence in middle ages
Have their own language but only 20% of population can speak it
The four nations: England , Scotland , Wales and Ireland
1800= Year in which Irish parliament joined the parliament of England, Scotland and Wales. There
now was one single state, political unification completed.
1922= Year in which most of Ireland became a separate state.
Celtic = The cultural roots of Ireland, Wales and Highland Scotland (Celtic language).
Germanic= The cultural roots or England, and Lowland Scotland (Germanic language). Historical and poetic names
Albion: is a word used by poets and songwriters to refer (in different contexts) to England, Scotland or
Great Britain as a whole. (Because of the white chalk cliffs)
Britannia: is the name that the Romans gave to their southern British province (which is now
approximately England and Wales).
Other signs of national identity
Briton: is a word used in writing to describe a citizen of the
John Bull: is a fictional character who is supposed to personify
Englishness and certain English virtues. Caledonia: is the Roman name for Scotland.
Cambria: is the Roman name for Wales.
Hibernia: is the Roman name for Ireland.
Erin: is a poetic name for Ireland (just like “The Emerald Isle”).
Population from largest to smallest
3. Republic of Ireland
5. Northern Ireland
1.The prefix ‘Mac’ (MacCarthy) or ‘Mc’ (McCall) = Irish or Scottish
2.The prefix ‘O’ (O’Connor) = Irish
3. “John” in Scottish = “Ian” and in Irish = “Sean”
4. Most common surname Smith = English and Scottish
5.large number of surnames = Welsh
1.Scots = Careful with money
2.Welsh= Singing ability
3.Irish = Great talkers Dominance of the UK
1.English is the main language.
2. Queen Elizabeth II: Scotland and Ireland never had Elizabeth I.
3.Supply of money, Bank of England there is no Bank of Britain.
4. The UK’s system of politics is of English origin.
5. When something pertains to England, this is often not specified in the name. When something
pertains to one of the 3 other nations it is usually specified in the name. FACTS:
Union Jack: Combination of St George’s, St Andrew’s and St. Patrick’s cross.
Rostrum: A platform used for public speaking and presenting prizes
Trade Union Congress (TUC): Umbrella organization for employees in the UK (Dutch vakbond).
The West Indies: The Caribbean, especially the English- speaking parts.