Contemporary European politics
Contemporary meaning modern, now, ongoing
Scholars try to describe the contemporary changes and grasp them in one concept >
- Globalization (Peter Singer)
- Second modernity (Ulrich Beck)
- Living in the end of times (Slavoj Zizek)
- Age of uncertainty (Zy gmunt Baumann)
Globalization: the widening, deepening, and speeding up of worldwide
Political: political issues are very often global and intertwined
Economic: world economy with huge transnational corporations and global exchange
Communications/technics: new modes of communication and infrastructure
Why does globalization matter?
- Globalization, if we agree it exists, has far-reaching implications that concern
politics and our personal well-being
Changing world – changing governance
What is nationalism?
- What is a nation: a group of people sharing certain features: ethnic, cultural, or
- What is the meaning of identity and loyalty?
- What is national self-determination
Late modernity (20th century): a world order of nation-states, but nation-states were
Dagupta says: does our changing world suggest: ‘the demise of the nation-state?’
- Moving from modernity to second/modernity/globalization, we see issues that
are global, beyond national boundaries
- The power to approach these issues needs to exceed the national boundaries
too, but politics remain mainly national
- In modernity, power and political were united in nation-state, now power and
politics are separated
- New forms of governance to reunite power and politics
Is there a viable post-nationalist alternative form of governance?
- Nation-states are too big for the small problems, too small for the big problems
but we need them (held)
- So, more efforts needed to coordinate action at global level
- How? Possibly leave intact the nation-state, but aim for cooperation and some
delegation of power
- We need: social movements, adapted institutions, cities, wise leadership,
beyond national obligations agenda
Climate change for example
Beek: re-inventing Europe – a cosmopolitan vision / multicultural / international
We need to: make the EU an arena where formal sovereignty can be exchanged for
real power, national cultures are nurtured, and economic success is improved.
And at the moment?
- Empirical record of global governance approaches
1. How successful are we really in governing the climate issues, security, war
- Problems of legitimacy
- Resurgence of nationalism and national identity
- Dasgupta: the more nation-states are weakened, the stronger nationalism gets
How do we govern this globalized changing world?
Week 3 nationalism
Nationalism (Gellner 1983)
Political principle that holds that the political and national unit should be congruent
- Civic or ethnic
- Elite or mass
- State-strengthening or state-subverting
Culture: defines the identity of individuals in a society
Such as customs, norms and genres that inform social life
Groups often define themselves by representing different cultures as alien or other
Globalization challenges culture