A multilevel model of team goal orientation, information exchange, and creativity
Gong, Kim, Lee & Zhu
- Three distinct individual goal orientations:
o Individual learning goal: focusing on competence development.
o Individual performance approach goal: focusing on gaining favorable
evaluations and outperforming others.
o Individual performance avoidance goal: focusing on avoiding mistakes and
- The individual learning goal has a positive relationship with individual creativity; the
individual performance approach goal and individual performance avoidance goal do
- Team learning goal: the extent to which a team emphasizes learning.
- Team performance approach goal: the extent to which a team emphasizes gaining
- Team performance avoidance goal: the extent to which a team emphasizes avoiding
negative evaluations and failures.
- Team creativity: the generation of novel and useful ideas by a team of employees
- Research question 1: does the team goal orientation relate to team creativity, and if
so, then how?
- We propose a linear relationship between the team learning goal and team
- We also examine the relationship that team goal orientation may have with both
team creativity and individual creativity.
- Research question 2: does individual creativity relate to team creativity, and if so,
- Information exchange: the sharing of work-related data, ideas and knowledge
among team members. A critical team process linking team properties and
outcomes, particularly creativity.
- We argue that team goal orientation either motivates or inhibits information
exchange, because the nature of the shared goals influences collective goal-striving
- The exchange of ideas and creative behaviors involves risk, because it is unknown
how supervisors will react to and evaluate those ideas and activities.
- A trust relationship is critical for such exchange behaviors and subsequent
- We expect that a trust relationship with a team leader will moderate the relationship
that team goal orientation has with information exchange and subsequently
creativity, because is facilitates or hinders the motivational tendency for information
exchange associated with a particular team goal orientation.
- Social information processing theory: focuses on acquiring expectations, norms, and
attitudes rather than knowledge and ideas.
- Individual members’ creative behaviors send cues to others as to expected behaviors
and performance and, through the informational social influence process, give rise